Ranking system

Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu is not a standalone, independent martial art system. Rather, it supplements existing training in traditional jujutsu (unarmed techniques) as well as kenjutsu and iaido (swordsmanship). Classical arresting techniques are incorporated into existing Japanese martial arts styles.

Within Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu, there are several levels of achievement and member participation. The system does include rankings or grade levels which are awarded in addition to the customary ranks of each member's respective martial arts style or school.

In addition, Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu members may also participate in the administration of Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu through election or appointment to member advisory positions. These member advisory boards are responsible for decision-making and general supervision of the organization at all levels. (Further details regarding the various member advisory boards and position responsibilities are presented in organization)


Ranks or Grades

To avoid confusion or conflict with gendai ryu (modern styles which employ kyu/dan grades) or koryu (classical styles which employ menkyo ranks), levels of achievement in Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu are designated by rank or grade levels which are associated with various echelons of feudal Japanese law enforcement.

There are no colored belts awarded in Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu. However, practitioners are encouraged to display their individual rank or grade level by wearing jutte (truncheons) or tessen (iron fans) in their obi with the appropriate rank or grade level colored cord and tassel.

The figure on the right illustrates the hierarchy of grade levels in Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu. The individual ranks are described below.


Okappiki (Sergeant)

The entry or beginner level is Okappiki. Unofficial police assistants, okappiki were the lowest ranks in feudal Japanese law enforcement. Although they did not receive official salary or recognition, okappiki  were often paid directly by the dōshin or by collecting bounties on wanted criminals.

Okappiki (Sergeant) wear jutte with yellow or gold colored cord and tassel

Komono (Adjutant)

The second level is Komono. These non-samurai assistants accompanied dōshin as they patrolled their assigned districts. As full-time police officers, komono were specially trained and became expert at capturing criminals.

Komono (Adjutant) wear jutte with green colored cord and tassels.


Dōshin (Officer)

The middle level is Dōshin. The dōshin were low-ranking samurai police officers. The dōshin were the primary patrol officers in Edo and performed the majority of the police duties. Their positions were practically hereditary positions, passing mostly from father to son. Thus, dōshin were often experts in taiho jutsu.

Dōshin (Officer) wear jutte with blue colored cord and tassels.


Yoriki (Lieutenant)

The second highest level is Yoriki. The title literally means "helper" or "assistant." As middle-ranking samurai, the yoriki functioned primarily as general managers and administrators.

Yoriki (Lieutenant) wear jutte with red colored cord and tassels.



Machi-bugyō (Commissioner)

The highest level is Machi-bugyō. The machi-bugyō was the central public authority serving as chief of police, judge, and mayor. This special government office involved managing a full range of administrative and judicial responsibilities for common citizens.

Machi-bugyō (Commissioner) wear jutte with purple colored cord and tassels.




In addition to rank, honorary titles may be awarded to members. These non-executive positions recognize individuals who demonstrate extraordinary commitment or service to the organization.


ō-metsuke (Inspector-General)

The Tokugawa shōgunate employed a number of investigators and inspector-generals called ō-metsuke. Within Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu, the ō-metsuke (inspector-general) is primarily an honorary position intended to recognize individual members for extraordinary service or dedication to the martial arts. Any member of the Hyojoshō may appoint an individual to the position of ō-metsuke (inspector-general) subject to the review and approval of the Waka-doshiyori.


hatamoto (Banner Man)

The hatamoto (banner man) were the highest ranking and most trusted retainers of the daimyō (feudal lords). Within Edo Machi-kata Taiho Jutsu, the hatamoto (banner man) is only awarded by the director to those members whose personal character traits reflect the highest levels of ethical behavior and moral courage. Nominations for this award may be submitted by members holding the minimum grade of Yoriki (Lieutenant). Candidates must also provide three independent written recommendations detailing the reasons for consideration for this position.